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Parshat Pikudei: Dvar Torah by Alizah Brozgold

At services on Friday night, March 11, lay leader Alizah Brozgold beautifully captured the moment of transition we are experiencing at The Village Temple. Please read her inspiring words:


Dvar Torah

Parshat Pikudei



         This week's Parsha contains an image that has always held a great sense of awe and mystery for me. The Torah describes that after the Tabernacle or Mishkan is built, a description is given of a pillar of cloud that covers the Mishkan by day and a pillar of fire that burns by night, indicating God's Presence and leading the Israelites on their journey to the Promised Land. (40:33-38) 

         Of the two pillars, it is the one of fire that would seem to offer the most impressive symbol of God's presence. Fire and light would literally 'show the way', illuminate our path, inspire wonder in the Israelites and anyone we passed on our journey.The pillar of cloud, on the other hand, has the potential to obscure and hide, although as such, it also serves a protective function.

         Thinking of these two pillars led me to muse on the aspects of cloud and fire both in a psychological and spiritual context, as well as in the context of our synagogue. 

         In the two types of pillars, we can see represented different types of spiritual revelations. One is bright, fiery - a sight that no one can miss. I think of it as the kind of psychological insight that comes in the form of a joyful spark or celebratory "Aha moment". 

         Then there is the cloud revelation. It is the quiet understanding that comes in a darker, more somber moment. It may come to us when we reflect on the challenges of life or experience illness or the loss of someone we love. 

         In the life of our synagogue, we also have these two pillars accompanying us as we proceed on our journey to find a new Rabbi and figure out what our community's future should look like. 

         In the example of our synagogue, the pillar of fire can be seen as representing our hope and aspirations, our need for light and warmth that will bring healing and closeness and clarity. We want that light to embrace us, as well as draw others in. 

         The pillar of cloud also follows us. In the cloud are our hurts and our confusion. The cloud doesn't disappear - as much as we may want it to. We may want to hide in the cloud for a while, just as when we grieve, we may want to withdraw into ourselves for a time. Yet, in the darkness, we can also find insight, and wisdom in the wake of loss. This is beautifully described in the Tanhuma Midrash:

"The eye has a dark part and a light part. One can only see through the dark part." 

         The fire and the cloud are states of being that have their time or season in the life of a human being and in the life of a community. 

         May we make use of our cloud and our fire revelations, and remember in the words of Shlomo Yehoshua aka Stephen Sondheim:

"Where ever we go, whatever we do,

We're gonna go through it together."


Shabbat Shalom!

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In Memoriam – Paul Aiken

On Tuesday, Feb. 2, The Village Temple sanctuary was packed with friends, family, and admirers of Paul Aiken, a VT congregant who died on January 29, one day before his 57th birthday. Paul spent the last two years of his life battling Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s Disease. He approached the diagnosis the way he lived his life—refusing to accept conventional wisdom and trying to make the world a better place. He was not Jewish but lived and breathed the values of tikkun olam. Paul established a blog,, to record his fight against the disease which included taking a number of alternative cures. In addition to the blog, Aiken made into a foundation with the aim of “building a global ALS community.” To remember Paul, donations can be made to MAC Angels and Project ALS. Rabbi Koster led a beautiful memorial service which elicited as many laughs as tears, appropriate to Paul’s character and his beautiful, spirited family: Stefanie his wife and his children, A.J., Will, and Melanie. His college roommate and lifelong friend recalled Paul as a man who took deep satisfaction from everyday pleasures—a satisfying bike ride, a sunny afternoon in New York, the Chicago Cubs playing baseball, a hot dog and papaya drink from Gray’s. “This is a good day,” Paul would declare. But his impact was far from ordinary. As executive director of the Author’s Guild for almost 20 years, Paul led the guild in a lawsuit against Google that charged the company’s library book scanning project was copyright infringement. The case continues in the courts. In a statement about Paul, guild president Roxana Robinson noted that "Brilliant and fierce can change the world, but it's generosity that makes it a better place. For twenty years Paul worked to make the world a better place for writers, readers and everyone else affected by the written word.”  

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The Legacy of Leon Klinghoffer

On Thursday evening, October 8, 2015, many Village Temple members joined a huge crowd at the Center for Jewish History, for an emotional, fascinating, inspiring gathering to celebrate and commemorate Leon Klinghoffer. Thirty years have passed since he was murdered by terrorists, during a vacation trip with his wife and friends. His legacy might have been simple, a Jewish entrepreneur out of the Lower East Side who invented the Roto-Broil Rotisserie, a popular kitchen appliance in the 1950s. But at age 69, retired and wheel-chair bound, Mr. Klinghoffer took a cruise with his wife Marilyn to celebrate their 36th wedding anniversary. Palestinian terrorists hijacked the ship, shot Mr. Klinghoffer in cold blood, and ordered his body thrown overboard. In that horrible moment, he became a catalytic part of history, changing the way many in the United States and the world viewed terrorism and its consequences.

 The Klinghoffers’ two daughters, Ilsa and Lisa, have transformed this devastating loss into a profound legacy for their father—and their mother Marilyn, who died of cancer a few months after the death of her husband. The sisters, who are long time Village Temple members (Lisa is married to co-president Jerry Arbittier), have dedicated themselves--through their foundation and working with the Anti-Defamation League--to fighting terrorism through educational, political and legal means.  At the 30th anniversary event, Lisa and Ilsa recounted their experiences in a performance-dialogue that was heart-rending, funny at times, riveting throughout. It was humbling to witness their courage in recalling these events. Most amazing, from a narrative propelled by a hateful act, was the palpable love the sisters demonstrated for one another, their families and the extraordinary cast of characters they have met on this amazing journey.

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L’Shana Tovah

As co-presidents of The Village Temple, we wish all of you a sweet and hopeful New Year! Our services for Rosh HaShana were lovely and we are looking forward to Yom Kippur. Hope you can join us. Here is an adaptation of Julie’s Rosh HaShana welcome: 

We had lots of backstage excitement/anxiety before the High Holy Days this year. Less than three weeks before Rosh HaShana, Gerard Edery, our cantorial soloist extraordinaire, had emergency back surgery—big stuff, spinal fusion. Two weeks later Anita Hollander, our Shabbat musical director, fell and severely broke her hand—more surgery.

But these turned out to be the days of awe in more ways than one. Gerard sang beautifully all three days of Rosh HaShana services, and Anita was back for Shabbat services last week and Children’s services at Cooper Union.

Rabbi Koster pulled together services that were beautiful, meaningful, heartfelt--not knowing until the last minute whether she would be singing as well as praying! Thanks to all for this heroic effort.

And thanks to all of you for joining together for services. For some of you, this is an annual pilgrimage to childhood ritual. For others, this is part of a continuum, a spiritual journey that takes place throughout the year. Whatever your reasons, we all have one thing in common. In this space we find connections to some part of our souls that we can’t make anywhere else.

I love the fact that our High Holy Day services take place in the Great Hall at Cooper Union, where Abraham Lincoln gave the speech that foretold his future as the Great Emancipator. The Village Temple respects the the Jewish calendar this is 5776! And this synagogue has been here for 67 years.

We also believe in the future. You can see that in the faces of the 140 children who attended our religious school this past year—and in the many young people who were part of Rosh HaShana services.  You can see the seeds being planted, week after week, at The Village Temple, through conversation, prayer, study. Check us out in Kesher, our newsletter, or on the website—or drop by for a Friday night service—6:45, every week throughout the year.

As for the now, please join us in saying thanks to all the people instrumental in the massive task of moving our synagogue temporarily fro East 12th Street to Cooper Union, for the High Holy Days:

To Lisa Loren, who organizes this production, and has done so for more years than we can count.

To Sandy Albert and Sandy Gonzalez-Wilson, our wonderful office managers, and to Santiago and Ivette, as well as Chris and Julio, our kind and hard-working custodians, who keep the machinery running.

To all the ushers, greeters, and ticket takers—volunteers all, who make sure everyone is given a warm welcome.

To Alex Tansky, Anita Hollander, Holland Hamilton and Daniel Stein—and Rabbi Koster, of course-- for children’s services that are edifying and entertaining!

Finally, on the first night of Rosh HaShana, Rabbi Koster talked about the importance of being connected not just to one another, but to the world at large. In the past year, The Village Temple has welcomed speakers seeking peace in Israel, groups working on behalf of immigrant rights, heard from our congregants who bring to the bimah an impressive assortment of experiences and wisdom—as recently as September 11, Holland Hamilton—VT religious school bat mitzvah/now occasional Shabbat soloist—spoke about what she learned at a conference in Berlin this summer, which brought young Jews and Muslims together from around the world to discuss better paths to the future.

L’Shana Tovah, with warm wishes for a healthy and hopeful New Year!!

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Summer in the City

The city can feel oppressive in the summer: Too much heat, too many tourists, too little green. But I love New York in summer, when the extra light takes the edge off the frenzy, when the quick pace of the crowds slows a beat, almost to an amble. In a city driven by a sense of purpose, it seems okay to relax, just a little. 

Friday night services at The Village Temple have been a lovely way to celebrate the New York summer shift in mood. The pace slows, the edge dissipates. 

Thanks to Anita Hollander and her roving band of excellent musicians for lifting our spirits, and to the knowledgeable congregants who have stepped in to lead services while Rabbi Koster is on break: Alizah Brozgold, Mickey Rindler, and Susan Rosenberg Jones. 

For those of you who missed services, here are Alizah and Mickey’s talks: 

From Alizah Brozgold’s d’var Torah on July 10, 2015: 

            This week's Torah portion is from the 25th chapter of the Book of Numbers and is the same Torah portion I wrote a Dvar Torah on when I led services last July.  Like Rabbis all over the world, I was faced with the choice:  do I give the same sermon I gave last year (and see if anyone remembers) or delve again and come up with something new.  The beauty of our Torah is that there is always something both old and new under the sun. 

            When reading the Book of Numbers, one is struck by the constant cataloguing and quantifying. In this chapter, for example, a census is taken of the Israelites and there's a long list of sacrifices required at the Holy Temple for different occasions.  It led me to ask myself:  Does there come a time when we stop cataloguing and counting? I believe that there is a stopping point - that people need to stop counting and collecting grievances and instead focus on finding paths to forgiveness and healing. 

            One might ask, "Why do we even need to remember something bad that happened to us, individually or collectively?"  At some level, it's a matter of survival.  If we don't remember, it may put us at risk again for more hurt and more trauma, like the proverbial child who learns never to touch a hot stove again once they've burnt their hand.  Yet, temperature varies along a continuum and not all stoves are so hot that they will always burn us.  We learn this through experience and taking risks. 

            Similarly, in the interpersonal context, we find ourselves holding onto past experiences of hurt and as the famous psychoanalyst, Clara Thompson, said, "escaping from the freedom of the present".  We escape from the freedom of the present whenwe collect grievances and get paralyzed by them, using them to avoid change.  Here are some familiar examples:                                   

            Our partner wasn't really listening when we told them about something we were upset about; our parent didn't appreciate something we did for them; our child ignored our heartfelt advice.  These can all become scenarios that lock us in negative spirals of anger, blame, and retribution or lead us to, as one of my clients puts it, "Sing the oldies". 

            We free ourselves from paralyzing emotions when we develop more curiosity about our experience and try to understand it.  As John Welwood writes in his book, Perfect Love, Imperfect Relationships, by letting ourselves be fully open to our emotional experience, whether sad, fearful, or angry, we put ourselves in touch with our "capacity for strength, kindness, stability, and understanding" in the face of whatever we're going through.  As a result, we draw forth our essential strength and can move toward healing ourselves and our relationships with others. 

            The collecting of grievances affects us deeply at a societal level as well.  One need only think of the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. If we're constantly looking back on past traumas, we cannot effect change in the present for the future.  Looking again at this week's parsha, we read how Joshua was selected to take over Moses's leadership.  Moses asked God to appoint a leader who would "go out before the people and come in before them" (Numbers 27:17).  How do we understand this? 

One Chassidic commentary explains that a true leader, by "going out before the people", does not trail behind them by constantly looking backwards.  Similarly, we could add, the true leader steps out into the future before others, showing by example that we can and we must move ahead, holding both our fears and our hope in one collective heart. 

This conflict about change is illustrated in the following light bulb jokes. 

The first is:  How many Bratslaver Chassidim does it take to change a light bulb? 

None. They will never find a bulb that burns as brightly as the old one.  

And the second joke: "How many psychologists does it take to change a light bulb? 

Only one but it really has to want to change!"  

Shabbat Shalom! 


From Mickey Rindler’s d’var Torah on July 3, 2015: 

Torah portion Balak (July 10-11, 2015) from the book of Bamidbar (in the desert; aka, Numbers) 

This week’s Torah portion is named after Balak, the king of Moab, a tribe on the eastern side of the Jordan River. At this point, the Israelites who had wandered in the desert since they left Egypt nearly 40 years before, have camped in Jordan and are preparing to conquer Canaan. They had already defeated several tribes in the area and Balak is concerned that they will now make war on the Moabites and their allied tribes. He summons Bilaam (translated Balaam), apparently the most prominent prophet and religious leader in the area. 

Balaam was a Midianite who did not live in Moab but instead in what was probably the tribe of Ammon (after which Amman, Jordan is named). He was an immigrant made good and a very unusual man. Balaam was a follower of Baal Peor, the major diety of the tribes in that region. And yet G-d, the G-d of Israel, actually speaks to him as well. Now the Midianites lived in the desert regions in Arabia and the Sinai and were allies of Moab. But their priests are very unusual. Recall that Moses lived among the Midianites after he escaped from Egypt. He married Jethro’s daughter Ziporah. Jethro was a prophet and the religious leader of the Midianites. The Druze consider him the founder of their people and religion. Moses lived with his wife’s clan for decades before returning to lead the Israelites out of Egypt. According to the Torah, Midianites built altars in high places where they had burnt offerings and practiced animal sacrifice. I have wondered how much of our people’s religious laws and customs, brought to us through Moses, to the extent that we believe literally what the Torah tells us, were actually of Midianite origin. 

Bilaam was asked by Balak to meet him and curse the Jewish people. You’ve probably heard the story of Balaam and his donkey. On the way to meet Balak the donkey stopped in the road and wouldn’t budge because an angel of G-d blocked his way. Balaam could not see the angel and beat the donkey severely, at which point the angel admonished Balaam for the beating and told him to only speak the word of God. Three times Balaam was asked by Balak to curse the Jewish people, but each time he blessed them instead. The last of these blessings has been incorporated into our liturgy: Ma tovu ohalekha Ya'akov, mishk'notekha Yisra'el (How goodly are your tents, O Jacob, and your dwelling places, O Israel). In fact the haftorah portion from the book of Micah, which makes reference to the story of Balaam, also contributed a line to our Torah service as well: Ki mitzion tetze Torah ud’var Adonai m’yerushalaim (For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem). Micah was a prophet who was a contemporary of Isaiah. 


Balaam goes on to prophesize that great things were in store for the Jewish people. In the very next parsha, however, the Torah tells us that, despite having relayed the words of G-d, Balaam was killed when the Israelites did indeed fight a war against the Moabites and neighboring tribes. The text says that he was punished for advising Balak to send prostitutes and unclean food among the Israelites to entice them to worship Baal. Indeed, this did happen at the end of parshat Balak to the chagrin of Moses and the high priests. The sidrah ends with the priest Pinchas, a son of Aaron, executing an Israelite and his Midianite consort.

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